Sustainability in the context of nature and human society may be defined as the ability to survive, endure and grow in adverse and challenging environment. It is a growing public concern since the availability of natural resources and the growth of human society are at stake. Sustainability of natural resources is a key factor in determining sustainability of the human race on the Earth because human life cannot exist without natural resources. Sustainability of natural resources greatly depends on the preservation of water, air, energy, land, biodiversity, ecosystem and environment (Sustainable.org). The ever increasing population, constant growth of industries, unnecessary wastage and unequal distribution of natural wealth are posing constant threats to the question of having access of the future generation to the fair share of natural resources (Ec.europa.eu). Without proper management and considerate use of resources, it is not possible to ensure sustainability of natural resources.
The major challenge to the sustainability of natural resources is to maintain balance in natural ecosystem under constant pressure of providing the expanding population with adequate supply food, energy, shelter and healthcare, and retaining environmental integrity in terms of clean air, water and other essentials of life. The rapid increase in population, industry and technology is taking its lion’s share from the available natural resources, which is driving the world towards an inevitably imminent consequence. Industries and houses are being built up on fertile lands, forests are being cut down to meet the supply of woods, animals are being killed for food, products and showpieces, energy is being burnt to run factories, mills, cars and vehicles, increased carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are threatening ecological balance of the environment. All these actions are collectively endangering the sustainability and balance of the environment.
With a view to attain sustainability, many national and international organizations are developing innovative techniques and strategies to regulate the use and consumption of natural resources. Natural resources include air, water, fertile land, minerals, environment and all kinds of wealth that come directly from the nature. Industrial development is taking its toll natural sustainability by using natural resources largely and inappropriately. Therefore, the major focus of natural sustainability management remains on balancing ecosystem and economic interrelationship. Ensuring the optimum use of natural resources is the key to retain sustainability. For example, the land resources may be used for serving multipurpose, like parks and forests. Increased public awareness is one of the major success recipes that can ensure proper utilization and reduced wastage of natural resources. Training, public promotion, educational programs and incentives might help attainment of this goal. Deployment of technology to reduce carbon footprint, increase of energy efficiency and reduction of the consumption of natural resources is a good move towards a better sustainability management of nature and human society. Use of renewable and clean sources of energy, implementation of environmentally friendly tools and equipment to reduce pollution, and reducing the use of energy-greedy systems, technology and appliances might increase the likelihood of the sustainability of natural resources and human society.